The hottest interpretation of the current situatio

2022-08-11
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Unscramble the current situation of safe drug packaging

whole drug packaging is a relatively simple safe and protective packaging method or device based on the principle of meeting the needs of consumers and realizing humanized packaging, so as to avoid children's accidental physical and mental injury or even death caused by swallowing toxic drugs or chemicals by mistake. To be precise, it means to prevent children under the age of five from opening by themselves. But generally, adults can open it without difficulty and use the safe packaging device or method correctly

I. current situation of safe drug packaging according to the relevant information of the World Health Organization, many children around the world are injured by toxic and dangerous chemicals such as drugs, liquid fuels, strong acids or bases every year. Due to the rapid development of medicine and the change of social family structure in recent years, the number of family children has generally decreased, and the probability of infant death due to infectious diseases has decreased year by year, but the cases of infants needing treatment or even death caused by accidental ingestion of poisons or drugs have increased significantly. Many people think that home should be the safest place, but from the perspective of accidental poisoning, home is a very dangerous place, especially for children

in the United States, iron containing products are the biggest culprit in the accidental death of children under the age of six. In Taiwan, according to the data published by the Taipei Rong Zong poison center, an average of 730 poisoning cases occur in teenagers and children under the age of 19 every year in Taiwan, of which more are men than women. 77.7% of the poisoning cases are by oral administration. The most commonly ingested substances are general household cleaning products, benzodi azepine tranquilizers, and pesticides. It is worth noting that among children younger than six years old, accidental ingestion of drugs is the most common case of poisoning

Japan is a country close to Taiwan in terms of cultural customs and drug use concepts, but its children are also more frequently poisoned. According to the statistics of the Japan Pharmaceutical center, a total of 31510 children under the age of six are poisoned by accidental ingestion of toxic drugs in a year, of which the poisoning rate of children aged one or less is the highest, as high as 83.3%. Different from the United States, in the cases of poisoning of children under one year old in Japan, only 12.1% were poisoned by accidental ingestion of drugs, but as high as 35.7% of children were poisoned by accidental ingestion of household cleaning products, including a considerable number of cases of accidental ingestion of tobacco. Therefore, it can be seen that although different cultural backgrounds and living habits will cause children to eat differently, accidental injuries caused by poisoning due to eating may continue to occur anytime and anywhere. In addition to the direct medical costs and family losses, the country must also pay a high social cost

in Europe and the United States and other advanced countries, the government has taken very active measures to prevent infants from eating drugs by mistake. In addition to vigorously publicizing and educating the people about prevention common sense, it also pays more attention to the research and development and promotion of children's safe packaging of drugs, which has greatly reduced such accidental injuries by 75% to 90%. For example, the United States has implemented child safety packaging for drugs for 30 years. All drugs containing aspirin, finished drugs, most prescription drugs, iron agents, etc. must use child safety packaging. In addition, the patient's home has children under the age of five, and the pharmacist is forced to use child safety packaging when dispensing prescriptions

at present, China is actively carrying out the standardization of "consumer goods packaging meets the needs of consumers", standardizing China's packaging market, improving the use quality of products applicable to different requirements of vehicle types, and protecting the interests of consumers. It can also be seen in the standard: "this is the place where our products can play a role. The packaging materials should not produce substances that may endanger people or other lives; the outer packaging should be marked with relevant safety warnings and use methods; the opening method of the packaging should be reasonable and convenient, and special consideration should be given to weak consumers (such as children and the disabled) Different requirements of; The package of drugs and other contents shall be equipped with a safety locking device, which shall not only make it difficult for children to open, but also facilitate the disabled to open; The size, size and shape of the package should not make consumers misunderstand the content of its contents; The packaging specification should be suitable for its end use and the average consumption rate of the product, so as to ensure that consumers can consume the contents within the warranty period under reasonable circumstances

however, recently, the author selected Beijing pharmaceutical market as the survey area, and selected several large pharmaceutical business centers such as Beijing lidehui pharmacy, Beijing Jinxiang pharmaceutical chain supermarket, Beijing Limin pharmacy, Beijing Tongrentang pharmacy as the survey sites. The reason is that people used to think more about technology and methods: a wide range of drugs; Product line depth of each category; Domestic and imported drugs are complete. In addition, when selecting samples for the survey, considering that the addition of safe packaging function of drugs will inevitably increase the product cost, the samples are medium and high-end products at the time of the survey

sample sampling pictures with child safety packaging in the existing drug market

the survey results are very regrettable. Almost 95.5% of the drugs in the existing drug market do not have the function of packaging children's drugs. In the samples sampled from the survey, the safety tips are generally only reflected in simple text instructions, while in the safety design of the bottle mouth, only very few health drugs (such as vitamin, shark essence, etc.) and children's cough medicine products have. Among them, 17 kinds of drugs on the market, such as balm, kefengxie cold liquid and lishidelin gargle, do not have child safety packaging. The reasons are:

1. For drugs, China has neither packaging regulations for the protection of children, nor product standards and testing method standards in this regard

2. The majority of consumers have no awareness of this:

3. Production enterprises generally do not take the initiative to implement child safety packaging due to considering production costs

4. Lack of upstream professional bottle cap manufacturers

II. The existing safe drug packaging scheme in the market

from the market survey, it can be seen that the safety cover in the existing market is generally composed of an inner plug and an outer cover arranged on the periphery of the inner plug, and is equipped with a threaded surface on the outer ring of the inner plug and the inner ring of the outer cover, and a pressing space is reserved before the threaded surface is locked, so as to prevent the inner plug and the outer cover from being unscrewed instantly, so as to achieve a safety cover structure. Here are three common types of safety covers

1. type I of safety drug packaging bottle cap

this kind of safety drug packaging cap is composed of a rigid inner cap with a screw mouth and a plastic outer cap sleeved on the inner cap. When closing the bottle mouth, its action is exactly the same as the existing screw mouth bottle cap. Screwing the outer cap can connect and fix the bottle cap at the bottle mouth to close the bottle mouth, However, when opening the bottle cap, the outer cap must be pressed down to make the clamping edge of the outer cap lie in the clamping groove of the inner cap and rotate the outer cap in the opposite direction to open the bottle cap, so as to prevent children from easily opening the bottle cap and eating drugs by mistake, thus ensuring the safe use of drugs

2. Type II of safety drug packaging bottle cap

this kind of safety drug packaging cap consists of an outer cap, which is embedded with an inner cap that can rotate freely in one direction. When screwing the cap, the vertical plane of the three screw teeth of the inner cap is supported by the three arc shrapnel in the outer cap, and the cap is screwed clockwise. When opening the bottle cap, the outer cap is pressed down, and the linear high molecular chain slides, so that the concave convex teeth around the inner and outer caps are connected, and the bottle cap is unscrewed counterclockwise. When opening the bottle cap, press down the outer cap, and the concave convex teeth around the inner and outer caps are not connected. Opening the bottle cap counterclockwise cannot be opened, and only the shrapnel makes a sound against the inclined plane of the screw teeth. In addition, it is difficult to take out this type of inner cover after it is embedded in the outer cover. This is mainly because the bayonet at the lower end of the inner cover skirt is clamped into the bayonet at the lower end of the inner side of the outer cover skirt

3. Type III of safety drug packaging bottle cap

this safety cap is designed by interleaving retaining ribs and limit stops at the mutually matched parts of the inner plug and the outer cap, so as to obtain a safety cap structure that can add liquid substances. The design idea overcomes the disadvantage of inconvenient use of the safety cover structure that the user must rotate slightly before the inner and outer threads of the outer cover and the inner plug face to face due to the lack of auxiliary alignment and clamping structure

the main structure of this safety cover:

(1) it is composed of an inner plug locked at the bottle mouth of the tank and an outer cover locked at the periphery of the inner plug, which is embedded into an integral whole with the outer cover. Among them:

① the part of the inner cover against the outer cover is provided with a retaining rib of the whole ring, and the top surface of the inner cover is recessed with a ring groove, and the center of the ring groove is provided with a clamping flange inserted into the inner ring surface of the top of the outer cover

② a limit stop is set at the inner part of the top of the outer cover that faces the retaining rib of the inner plug, and the limit stop is oblique to the inner surface of the retaining rib, and a convex ring edge that can be slightly embedded and positioned with the retaining flange is set at the part that fits the clamping flange of the inner plug of the outer cover

⑨ the retaining ribs of the inner plug and the limit stop of the outer cover are staggered and separated from each other

(2) the inner plug is convex with a clamping ring that can be embedded with the outer cover on the outer ring surface, and a ring flange is arranged on the inner surface of the ring mouth with the outer cover

(3) the inner part of the top of the outer cover facing the limit block of the inner plug can be provided with a retaining rib of the whole ring, and the inner ring recess of the outer cover is provided with a ring groove; A clamping flange inserted on the top surface of the inner plug is convex downward from the center of the ring groove; The part of the inner plug against the outer cover is equipped with a full ring limit stop, and the inner surface of the limit stop and the retaining rib of the outer cover are inclined, and the part of the inner plug against the clamping flange of the outer cover is equipped with a convex ring edge that can be slightly embedded and positioned with the clamping flange

the safety bottle cap in the existing market is nothing more than one of the above three safety packaging bottle cap design structures. From the perspective of existing market products, the technology to realize the safety function by changing the screw structure of the bottle cap has been relatively mature. Drug manufacturers mainly choose the bottle cap design with appropriate cost according to the market positioning of their products and the toxicity degree of drugs. However, through the investigation of the production status of some bottle cap factories, the production of safety caps is still very small, resulting in the cost of bottle caps can not be reduced, so there are few bottle cap manufacturers adopting this type

the author believes that the fundamental driving force to solve the current situation should still be the coordination work of the government. On the one hand, we should vigorously publicize and educate citizens to realize the importance and urgency of implementing safe packaging; On the other hand, guide enterprises to grasp and meet market demand in time, because at this stage, the products of enterprises should not only meet the direct needs of consumers, but also expand the indirect services and influence fields of products on consumers. Under the increasingly mature macro conditions of market economy in China, enterprises as market players should gradually realize that only enterprises with a certain society can better obtain competitive advantages. So as to encourage more drug manufacturers to adopt children's safety packaging design, which will be an effective way to guide relevant enterprises to undertake certain social responsibilities

source: China's packaging industry

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