The hottest interpretation of the four new pillar

2022-08-22
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Interpretation of the four "new pillar industries"

experts said that despite the favorable policy support, the development of strategic emerging industries is still facing institutional and institutional obstacles

Interpretation of the four new pillar industries: some strategic emerging industries are planned to launch

■ the 12th Five Year Plan for the biological industry is expected to be submitted to the State Council in the first half of next year. The three rounds of consultation procedures for the "development plan for energy conservation and environmental protection industry (Draft for comments)" have all been completed, and it is expected to launch before the end of this year

in the next decade, China's pattern of traditional industries as the pillar industries of the national economy will be broken

after the financial crisis, the seven strategic emerging industries are regarded as new engines to drive China's economic growth. Recently, four of the seven strategic emerging industries have been upgraded to the pillar industries of China in the future. On October 18, the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries (hereinafter referred to as the "decision") was issued. According to the decision, by 2020, energy conservation and environmental protection, new generation information technology, biology and high-end equipment manufacturing industries will become the pillar industries of the national economy, and new energy, new materials and new energy automobile industries will become the leading industries of the national economy

at present, the pillar industries of China's national economy include traditional industries such as automobile, steel and building materials. It is the first time in China to include emerging industries with knowledge intensive, low energy consumption and low pollution in the pillar industries of the national economy

the connotation of pillar industries has changed

strategic emerging industries are of great significance to the transformation of development mode, but their contribution to economic growth is not necessarily greater than that of traditional pillar industries. It will play an important role in the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, making the competitive advantage of traditional industries more obvious

whether it is a pillar industry depends first on whether there is social demand. The social demand of pillar industries is relatively large. Second, how to drive other industries. Zhang qizai, director of the Industrial Organization Research Office of the Institute of industrial economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said recently

but China is changing its growth mode, which requires pillar industries to conform to new characteristics: first, promote employment; Second, it is conducive to promoting the overall industrial upgrading, and has a great technology spillover effect; Third, it has the characteristics of resource conservation and environmental friendliness

According to Zhang qizai's analysis, the essence of the transformation of growth mode is to find such an industry that meets the standards of promoting economic growth, low resource consumption, low environmental pollution and full utilization of human resources

it is foreseeable that with the vision of bringing emerging industries into the pillar industries of the national economy, China's economic pattern will also undergo subtle changes in the future. Whether this will have an impact on the traditional pillar industries has become the question of many people

Zhang qizai believes that strategic emerging industries are of great significance to the transformation of development mode, but their contribution to economic growth is not necessarily greater than that of traditional pillar industries. The development of strategic emerging industries will play an important role in the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, making the competitive advantage of traditional industries more obvious

from the perspective of stimulating economic growth, it is difficult for strategic emerging industries to become the pillar industry of China's national economy during the 12th Five Year Plan period, but from the perspective of the transformation of development mode, it is still possible to become the pillar industry of China's national economy in the future. Zhang qizai said

the mapping of emerging industries has been launched

the classification of strategic emerging industries is inconsistent with the classification standards of national economic industries, and the boundaries of some strategic emerging industries are not very clear

although it has been identified as a strategic emerging industry and will become a pillar industry of the national economy in the next decade, what are the energy conservation and environmental protection, new generation information technology, biology and high-end equipment manufacturing industries, including which specific industries, and how large is the industrial scale? These basic tasks seem to have just begun

the classification of strategic emerging industries is inconsistent with the classification standards of national economic industries, and the boundaries of some strategic emerging industries are not very clear. Therefore, the previous relevant data of the National Bureau of statistics cannot fully reflect the overall situation of strategic emerging industries. Wang Jun, director of the high-tech industry research office of the Institute of industrial economics and technological economics of the Macroeconomic Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, said

according to the industrial classification of national economy published by the National Bureau of statistics, Chinese industries are divided into 20 categories, 95 major categories, 396 medium categories and 913 sub categories. The morning post inquired about the national economic industry classification on the National Bureau of statistics, and did not find the industry categories that fully correspond to energy conservation and environmental protection, new generation information technology, biology, and high-end equipment manufacturing

taking the biological industry as an example, the definition given in the decision is to vigorously develop major varieties of innovative drugs for the prevention and treatment of major diseases, such as biotechnology drugs, new vaccines and diagnostic reagents, chemical drugs, modern Chinese medicine and so on, so as to improve the level of the biological medicine industry. Accelerate the R & D and industrialization of biomedical engineering products such as advanced medical equipment and medical materials, and promote large-scale development. Focus on cultivating biological breeding industry, actively promote green agricultural biological products, and promote the accelerated development of biological agriculture. Promote the development, demonstration and application of key technologies in biological manufacturing. Accelerate the R & D and industrialization of marine biotechnology and products. This makes the strategic emerging industry biology scattered under several major categories, such as pharmaceutical manufacturing and agriculture

according to Wang Jun, his research institution has started the statistical work of the biological industry to find out the scale of the industry. At present, they have established a general biological enterprise database to predict the development of the whole industry through the development of key enterprises

in addition to the thorough understanding of the development of the whole industry, what needs to be clarified is the connotation and development priorities of strategic emerging industries. On the 21st, when interpreting the decision, the relevant person in charge of the national development and Reform Commission said: Based on the local industrial foundation, comparative advantages and the needs of long-term economic development, some places listed Petrochemical deep processing, green food, forest industry, marine industry, cultural creativity, modern logistics, high-end producer services and other industries as strategic emerging industries

in fact, before that, a wider range of investigations and investigations have been carried out. In February this year, the inter ministerial coordination group for accelerating the cultivation of strategic emerging industries was established, headed by Zhang Ping, director of the national development and Reform Commission. According to Wang Jun, since then, a large-scale research project led by the national development and Reform Commission has been carried out nationwide from enterprises to local governments; It was on the basis of research that the decision was finally formed

the biological industry plan will be submitted next year

industrial plans for energy conservation, environmental protection, biology and other industries will be led by the national development and Reform Commission, and industrial plans for new generation information technology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new materials, new energy vehicles and other industries will be led by the Ministry of industry and information technology. These special plans should be linked up with the 12th Five Year Plan

the morning post learned that the research on the overall planning and special planning of strategic emerging industries has been gradually carried out. Among them, some plans may be launched before the end of the year, and the 12th Five Year Plan for the biological industry is expected to be submitted to the State Council in the first half of next year

Wang Jun revealed in an interview that at present, in cooperation with the work of the high technology department of the national development and Reform Commission, we are making a development plan for strategic emerging industries, which is a master plan, as well as special plans for various industries. The special planning is not necessarily done by the high technology department of the national development and Reform Commission, but by different departments of the industry

The morning post also learned that industrial plans for energy conservation, environmental protection, biology and other industries are led by the national development and Reform Commission, while industrial plans for new generation information technology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new materials, new energy vehicles and other industries are led by the Ministry of industry and information technology. Among them, the three rounds of consultation procedures for the development plan of energy conservation and environmental protection industry (Draft for comments) have been completed and are expected to be launched by the end of this year

Wang Jun said that these special plans should be linked with the 12th Five Year Plan. She said that at present, the first draft of the master plan has been completed, and some contents have been discussed among departments. The formulation of the 12th Five Year Plan for the biological industry has just begun, and it is planned to be submitted to the State Council in the first half of next year. As for why the plan cannot be released before the 12th Five Year Plan, Wang Jun explained that the 11th Five Year Plan for the development of the biological industry was released in April 2007, not at the beginning of a five-year planning period. Therefore, the 12th Five Year Plan for the biological industry will not fully fit the five-year span of the 12th Five Year Plan

still face institutional obstacles

institutional and institutional constraints, which are reflected in strategic emerging industries. There are many branches of government, there is a lack of effective coordination and decision-making mechanism, and relevant plans and policies have not formed a joint force

although supported by favorable policies, the development of strategic emerging industries still faces institutional and institutional obstacles

Wang Jun said: there are certain constraints in the transformation of technological achievements made by the research institute into industries and products. In many fields, the technology is relatively advanced, but when the technology is mature, it will be done in the industry. The difference will be that the pressure of oil will close the valve and piston. In the original sense, the experimental machine products are mainly a kind of instrument that verifies the quality, performance and design requirements of some products before leaving the factory. This problem has not been really solved

with regard to the slow progress in the approval of new drugs and the entry of biopharmaceuticals into the medical insurance catalogue, Wang Jun believes that it is necessary to consider the safety of innovative drugs and drugs entering the medical insurance catalogue; But on the other hand, this has a great impact on the enthusiasm of new drug creation, and has not yet formed a particularly smooth channel

institutional and institutional constraints are also reflected in several other strategic emerging industries

Hou Ziqiang, senior researcher of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and member of the communication science and Technology Commission of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that taking the "three convergence" vigorously promoted in the new generation information industry as an example, the problem of the increasing need for technology that hinders the "three convergence" no longer exists, but the "three convergence" has always remained in some regions and projects, and has not made significant substantive progress. The fundamental reason is the conflict of interest between departments caused by market access

Hou Ziqiang believes that the three integration changes the whole business chain and industrial chain. On the surface, it is the contradiction between telecommunications and radio and television, and more importantly, it is the redistribution of internal interests of radio and television. The basis of three convergence is interconnection, and interconnection access has become the main problem. Because the state saves the license issuing conditions of Internet ISP d): the experimental control data and sample conditions can be made into modules, and the right is given to the telecommunications administration of the Ministry of information industry, while radio and television grasp the licenses of network video, IPTV and network television (Internet television). Both sides are constrained by the power in their hands, which has become the main obstacle to promoting the three integration. This is a common problem encountered by other countries, but China is more complex. It involves the redistribution of interests and institutional issues

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